Chuck Close

 

Chuck Close ist ein amerikanischer Künstler, der für monumentale Porträts im Stil des Fotorealismus bekannt ist. Close malt mit Hilfe eines besonderen Rastersystems. Er zerlegt Fotografien in ein Gitter und überträgt sie in einzelnen Teilen auf die Leinwand. Die Sujets seiner Porträts sind in der Regel Familie und Freunde, darunter Künstler wie Richard Serra, Alex Katz, Cindy Sherman und Cecily Brown. Ähnlich wie Bilder von Impressionisten, werden die Kompositionen des Künstlers erst deutlich, wenn ein Betrachter die Gemälde aus größerer Distanz betrachtet. Das gilt besonders, da sich Close mit der Zeit vom Realismus entfernt und mehr malerische, interpretative Serien geschaffen hat. „Ich weiß, wie die Farben landen werden“, sagt er über seine Technik. Geboren am 5. Juli 1940 in der Kleinstadt Monroe im nordwestlichen Bundestaat Washington unter dem Namen Charles Thomas Close, ist der Künstler seit dem Jahr 1988 halbseitig querschnittsgelähmt, weil ein Blutgefäß in seiner Wirbelsäule geplatzt war. Unbeirrt passte Close seine Maltechnik der Behinderung an. Er arbeitet mit speziellen Schienen, an die Pinsel festgeschnallt sind, und entwickelt seine Praxis der Malerei, Fotografie, Druckgrafik und Textilkunst immer weiter. Close wohnt und arbeitet in New York und auf Long Island im Osten der Stadt.
Quelle: artnet

 
BIOGRAFIE

1940Born in Monroe, WA

1962BA, University of Washington School of Art, Seattle, WA

1963BFA, Yale University School of Art and Architecture, New Haven, CT

1964MFA, Yale University School of Art and Architecture, New Haven, CT
Lives and works in New York and Long Island, NY

 
AUSSTELLUNGEN

2016Photographs, NSU Art Museum Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Traveled to: Henry Art Gallery, University of Washington, Seattle
Fingerprint Paintings and Drawings, 1978–86, Craig F. Starr Gallery

2015Red Yellow Blue, Pace Gallery, 534 West 25th Street, New York
Prints, Schack Art Center, Everett, Washington
Chuck Close Traveled to: University Museum of Contemporary Art, University of Massachusetts, Amherst; Nova Southeastern
University Museum of Art Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Merchant House, Amsterdam
Face Forward, From the Collections of Jordan D. Schnitzer and his Family Foundation, Frederick R. Weisman Museum of Art, Pepperdine University, Malibu, California
Traveled to: Schneider Museum of Art, Southern Oregon University

2014Chuck Close, Alan Avery Art Company, Atlanta
Chuck Close: Nudes 1967–2014, Pace Gallery, New York

2013Photo Maquettes, Eykyn Maclean, New York, USA
Closer: The Graphic Art of Chuck Close, Bruce Museum, Greenwich, USA
Yes, No, Maybe: Artists Working at Crown Point Press, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
Works on Paper 1975-2012, Monterey Museum of Art, Monterey, USA
Don’t Be Shy, Don’t Hold Back: The Logan Collection at SFMOMA, San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco, USA
A Couple of Ways of Doing Something, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada; Tacoma Art Museum, Tacoma, USA; Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile; Louisiana Art and Science Museum, Baton Rouge, USA; Sonoma County Museum, Santa Rosa, USA; Ball State University Museum of Art, Muncie, USA; Joseloff Gallery, University of Hartford, West Hartford, USA; Arkansas Art Center, Little Rock, USA; Loveland Museum Gallery, Lincoln, USA; Wichita Art Museum, Wichita, USA; Florida Museum of Photographic Arts, Tampa, USA

2012Pace Gallery, New York, USA
New Work, Adamson Gallery, Washington, D.C.
Multiple Portraits, Museum der Moderne Mönchsberg, Salzburg, Austria
Actual and Invented Realities, white8 showrooms, Villach, Austria
Galerie Thomas Modern, Munich, Germany

2011Blum & Poe, Los Angeles, USA
Self-Portraits on Paper, Galerie Haas & Fuchs, Berlin, Germany
People Who Matter to Me, Taubman Museum of Art, Roanoke, USA

2010Portraits, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, USA
Recent Works, Contessa Gallery, Cleveland, USA

2009Familiar Faces: Chuck Close in Ohio Collections, Akron Art Museum, Akron, USA
Faces: Chuck Close and Contemporary Portraiture, Nevada Museum of Art, Reno, USA
Reflections / Refractions: Self-Portraiture in the Twentieth Century, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, D.C.
Contemporary Tapestries, Turner Carroll Gallery, Santa Fe, USA
Maquettes and Multi-Part Work (1966-2009), Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, USA
Paintings and Tapestries 2005–2009, PaceWildenstein, New York, USA
Self Portrait/Scribble/Etching Portfolio, 2000, Picker Art Gallery, Colgate University, Hamilton, USA; Mead Art Museum, Amherst College, Amherst, USA; Brattleboro Museum & Art Center, Brattleboro, USA

2008Seven Portraits, State Hermitage Museum, Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, Russia
Nicholas Metivier Gallery, Toronto, Canada
Recent Prints, William Shearburn Gallery, Saint Louis, USA
Iconic Heroes, Barbara Davis Gallery, Houston, USA
Turning Heads, Dawson Cole Fine Art, Laguna Beach, USA
Chuck Close Prints: Process and Collaboration, Blaffer Gallery, University of Houston, Houston, USA; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA; Miami Art Museum, Miami, USA; Knoxville Museum of Art, Knoxville, USA; Frist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville, USA; Mint Museum of Art, Charlotte, USA; Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, USA; Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, USA; Madison Museum of Contemporary Art, Madison, USA; Orange County Museum of Art, Newport Beach, USA; Boise Art Museum, Boise, USA; Portland Art Museum, Portland, USA; Colby College Museum of Art, Waterville, USA; Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, USA; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Scottsdale Museum of Contemporary Art, Scottsdale, USA; Sungkok Art Museum, Seoul, South Korea; Kunsthal Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; White Cube, London, England

2007Paintings: 1968-2006, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain
Paintings: 1968-2006, Ludwig Forum für Internationale Kunst, Aachen, Germany
Pinturas, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain
Portraits 1969 - 2006, Ludwig Forum für Internationale Kunst, Aachen, Germany
Family and Others, White Cube Gallery, London, England
SELF PORTRAIT: Renaissance to Contemporary, National Portrait Gallery, London, EnglandPaintings: 1968-2006, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain
Paintings: 1968-2006, Ludwig Forum für Internationale Kunst, Aachen, Germany
Pinturas, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain
Portraits 1969 - 2006, Ludwig Forum für Internationale Kunst, Aachen, Germany
Family and Others, White Cube Gallery, London, England
SELF PORTRAIT: Renaissance to Contemporary, National Portrait Gallery, London, England

2005 - 2006Self Portraits 1967–2005, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, USA; High Museum of Art, Atlanta, USA; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, USA; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, USA

2005Recent Paintings, Pace Gallery, New York, USA
Royal Academy of Arts, London, England
Prints, Daguerreotypes, & Holograms, Adamson Gallery, Washington, D.C.
Chuck Close/Franz Gertsch, Galerie Michael Haas, Berlin, Germany
to Face, Jerald Melberg Gallery, Charlotte, USA

2004Chuck Close: Drawings, Photographs, Prints, Craig F. Starr Associates, New York, USA

2002Recent Paintings, PaceWildenstein, New York, USA
Portraits, American Academy, Rome, Italy
Prints, Neuberger Museum of Art, SUNY Purchase, Purchase, USA

2001Points of Departure, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, USA
Self-Portraits, 1967-2001, Fraenkel Gallery, San Francisco, USA
About Faces, C&M Arts, New York, USA
Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, USA

2000The American Century: Art & Culture 1900-2000, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA
Chuck Close: Daguerreotypes, Galerie Daniel Blau, Munich, Germany

1999Portraits, Trans Hudson Gallery, New York, USA

1998Chuck Close, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
The Artist's Eye: Will Barnet Selects from the Collection, National Academy Museum, New York, USA

1993A Print Project by Chuck Close, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA

1981Close Portraits, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA

1980Printed Art: A View of Two Decades, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA

1979Copie Conforme?, Musée national d'art moderne, Paris, France

1971Recent Work, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, USA

 
AUSZEICHNUNGEN

2000Awarded National Medal of Arts, Washington, D.C.

1998 Elected Fellow of The American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Cambridge, MA

1996 Resident artist at The American Academy, Rome, Italy

1992Elected member of the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, New York, NY

1991Skowhegan Medal for Painting

1966Resident Artist, The American Academy, Rome, Italy

1965Fullbright Grant, Akademie der Bildenden Kunste, Vienna, Austria

 
WERKE IN SAMMLUNGEN

Art Institute of Chicago, IL
Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
George Eastman House, Rochester, NY
High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC
Kunsthaus Zürich, Switzerland
Library of Congress, Washington, DC
Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebæk, Denmark
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, TX
Musée national d’art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Museum moderner Kunst, Palais Liechtenstein, Vienna, Austria
Museum of Contemporary Art, Ludwig Museum Budapest, Hungary
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, Australia
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA
Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, MA
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
Staatliche Museen, Berlin, Germany
Tate Gallery, London, England
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York

 
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