Lewis Baltz

 

Lewis Baltz gilt als einer der wichtigen amerikanischen Fotografen, die sich in den 1970er Jahren bis dahin ungewöhnlichen Sujets zuwandten und damit eine neue fotografische Ästhetik schufen (New Topographic Movement/neue topografische Bewegung).
Baltz’ Fotografie gilt weit über die USA hinaus als stilbildend. Er wurde mit Fotografien bekannt, die das eher Gewöhnliche am Stadtrand, Einfamilienhaus-Siedlungen, Industriegebiete oder vom Menschen deformierte Brachlandschaften dokumentieren. Dieses Vorgehen kann als eine Ästhetisierung des Alltäglichen beschrieben werden.
Lewis Baltz wird in den USA aufgrund seiner innovativen Landschaftsaufnahmen als topografischer Fotograf eingeordnet. Beispiele finden sich unter anderem in seinen Fotobänden New Industrial Parks, San Quentin Point, Candle stick Point, Deaths in Newport.
Einige seiner fotografischen Serien zeichnen sich darüber hinaus durch eine ausgeprägt minimalistische Gestaltungsweise aus. Bei den Fotografien zum Beispiel eines Einfamilienhauses führt die Dokumentation nur weniger architektonischer Elemente z. B. zu einem fast abstrakten fotografischen Kunstwerk.
Gegen Ende der 1980er Jahre ließ sich Lewis Baltz in Europa nieder. Hier begann Baltz seine Fotografien zum Teil als Großformate zu präsentieren und wandte sich verstärkt Schauplätzen zu, die durch neue Technologien geprägt sind und deren klinische menschenleere Atmosphäre er darstellte (Sites of Technology).
Quelle: Wikipedia

 
BIOGRAFIE

lebte und arbeitete in Paris and Venedig

1945Born in Newport Beach, CA

1969BFA, San Francisco Art Institute, San Francisco, CA

1970 – 1972Instructor for Photography at the Pamona College (CA) and at the California Insitute of Arts, Valencia

1971MFA, Claremont Graduate School, Claremont, CA

1972 – 2003Several guest professorships at European and US-american universities and art colleges

1973 National Endowment for the Arts Fellowhip
Fellowship of the National Endowment for the Arts

1976Fellowship of the National Endowment for the Arts

1977John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship
National Endowment for the Arts Fellowhip

1977John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship

1980US-UK Bicentennial Exchange Fellowship

1991Charles Pratt Memorial Award

2004Professor at the Istituto Universitario di Architettura di Venezia, Venice, Italy

 
AUSSTELLUNGEN

2013Albertina, Vienna, Austria (solo)

2012Carl Andre/Lewis Baltz, Tate Modern, London, GB
Kestner Gesellschaft, Hannover, Germany (solo)Kunstmuseum Bonn, Bonn, Germany (solo)

2011 – 2012Photography Calling! Fotografie und Gegenwart, Sprengel Museum Hanover, Germany

2011DC Bonus, Groupshow of the galleries Schmidt Maczollek, Michael Wiesehöfer and Galerie Thomas Zander, Forum für Fotografie, Cologne, Germany
Hyper Real - Kunst und Amerika um 1970, Ludwig Forum für Internationale Kunst, Aachen, Germany
New Topographics: Photographs of a Man-Altered Landscape, SK-Stiftung, Cologne, Germany
Lewis Baltz: Candlestick Point, Art Unlimited / Art Basel, Galerie Thomas Zander, Cologne, Germany (solo)
Lewis Baltz: Prototypes/Ronde de Nuit, National Gallery of Art, Washington, USA (solo)

2010 – 2011 Hyper Real - Realismen in Malerei und Fotografie, MUMOK, Museum moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig, Vienna, Austria
New Topographics: Photographs of a Man-Altered Landscape, Landesgalerie, Linz, Austria

2010Le paradis, ou presque : Los Angeles [1865-2008], Musée Nicéphore Niépce, Chalon-sur-Saone, France
Lewis Baltz: Prototypes/Ronde de Nuit, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
Anonymous America: photography and film, Le Bal, Paris, France
Sunless (Journeys in Alta California since 1933), Thomas Dane Gallery, London, UK
Lewis Baltz / Donald Judd, Galerie Thomas Zander, Cologne, Germany (solo)
MOCA’s First Thirty Years, MOCA Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, USA
Ruptures and Continuities: Photography Made after 1960 from the MFAH Collection, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, USA
The View from Here, SFMOMA San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, USA
New Topographics: Photographs of a Man-Altered Landscape, Los Angeles County Museum of Art / LACMA, Los Angeles, USAIdentité(s)/ Territorialité(s), TRAFIC - FRac Haute-Normandie, Sotteville-lès-Rouen, France
The Park City Portfolio, UCR / California Museum of Photography, Riverside, USA (solo)

2009Several Silences, The Renaissance Society, Chicago, IL
Nighttown, Gallery Luisotti, Santa Monica, CA
Into the Sunset, Photography's Image of the American West, Museum of Modern Art, New York
Life is stranger than fiction, FO.KU.S Foto Kunst Stadforum, Innsbruck, Austria
THIS SIDE OF PARADISE : LOS ANGELES (1865-2008), Musée de l’Elysée, Lausanne, Switzerland
Seventies, le choc de la photographie américaine, BNF - Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris, France

2008Lewis Baltz: 1989-91 Sites of Technology, Gallery Luisotti, Santa Monica, CA (solo)
Universal Archive. The Condition of the Document and Modern Photographic Utopia, MACBA, Barcelona, Museum Colecçao Berardo
Context: Double Down: Two Visions of Vegas (with works by Olivo Barbieri and Stephen Dean), San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
This Side of Paradise: Body and Landscape in L.A. Photographs, The Huntington Library, San Marino, CA
Jennifer Bornstein Selects From the Grunwald Collection, Hamme Museum, University of California, Los 20th Century Photography, Chiba City Museum of Art, Chiba City, Japan
Here Is Every: Four Decades of Contemporary Art, MOMA, New York
D'Impossibles Trendezvous-Biennale de St. Denis, Paris
American Photography les Annees 70, Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris
Lewis Baltz, Andrew Roth, New York (solo)

2007Museo Civici di Modena, Modena, Italy (solo)
Galerie Thomas Zander, Cologne, Germany (solo)
Ingenuity, Calouste Golbenkian Center, Lisbon, Portugal
Life is Stranger Than Fiction, Albertina Museum, Vienna, Austria
Views of Water, Yokohama Museum of Art, Yokohama, Japan
Des fantomes et des anges, Musée d'Art Moderne, Villeneuve-d'Ascq, France
Art for Yale: Collecting for the 21st Century, Yale University Art Museum, New Haven, CT

2006Lewis Baltz: Desert of Disintegration, Gallery Luisotti, Santa Monica, CA (solo)
Kunstverein Bremerhaven, Bremererhaven, Germany (solo)
Tempo Moderno, Palazzo Ducale, Genoa, Italy
TRANS EMILIA. Collection Linea di Confine, Fotomuseum Winterthur, Switzerland and SKStiftung, Cologne

2005Candlestick Point (1989) and Prototype Works (1966-1976), Galerie Thomas Zander, Cologne, Germany (solo)
STEIDL China Launch and Photography Exhibition , Timezone 8 Editions , Beijing, RC
The Altered Landscape: The Carol Franc Buck Collection , National Academy of Sciences, Washington, USA

2004Sites of Technology, Galerie Thomas Zander, Cologne (solo)
Evidence of Impact: Art and Photography 1963-1978, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY

2003Cruel and Tender; the Real in 20th Century Photography, The Tate Modern, London, UK; The Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany

2002Visions From America, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Neue Topografik, Marburger Kunstverein, Marburg, Gremany (solo)
Canadian Center for Architecture, Montreal (solo)
Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT (solo)
University Art Museum, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ (solo)

2001Was wäre wenn, Kunstverein Rüsselsheim, Germany (solo)
Norton Simon Museum of Art, Pasadena, CA (solo)
CTRL SPACE Zentrum fur Kunst und Medientechnologie, Karlsruhe, Germany
Le moment conteporain de la fabrique du paysage, Institute Franco-Japoniaise, Tokyo
Luoghi come paessagi/Places as Landscape II, Palazzo Reale, Napoli

2000Afterimages, Kunsthaus Zurich, Switzerland
How You Look At It, Spengel Museum Hannover, circulating to Staedl Museum, Frankfurt
Identification of a Landscape, Assessori di Cultura Commune de Venezia

1999Lewis Baltz: Prototype Works, Gallery Luisotti, Santa Monica, CA (solo)
Boys 'N Girls, Dirty Windows Gallery, Berlin, Germany
Laboratorium, Antwerp, Belgium
The American Century Whitney Museum, New York
Photographie als Ruine, Kunsthalle Krems, Austria
Views from the End of the World, Marlborough Gallery, New York
Changement d’air, Musee d’art moderne Lille Metropole

1998Generic Night Cities, Eaton Fine Art, West Palm Beach, FL
Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA (solo)
Lewis Baltz: Politics of Bacteria, Docile Bodies, Ronde de Nuit, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA

1997Absolute Landscape, Yokohama Museum of Art, Yokohama, Japan
Scene of the Crime, Armand Hammer, Museum Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Artists’ Position on the Industrial Landscape, Museum Grassi, Leipzig, Germany

1996Stephen Wirtz Gallery, San Francisco, CA
Gallery RAM, Santa Monica, CA
Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, Canada
Stories of Desire and Power, Galerie Angelo Falzone, Mannheim, Germany
Galerie Andres Weiss, Berlin, Germany
Prospect 96, Frankfurter Kunstverein and Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt, Germany
The Perpetual Mirage, Whitney Museum of American Art
Homo Ecologicus. Fondacion Juan Miro, Barcelona
Crossing the Frontier, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art

1995Works 1979-1994, Lousiana Museum of Modern Art, Humelbaek, Denmark (solo)
Esthetiques de l'Ordinaire, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Reims, France
Janet Borden Inc., New York, NY
Ars 95, Atheneum, Helsinki
Le Monde Apres La Photographie, Musee d'art moderne, Villeneuve d'Ascq, and Villa Arson, Nice
Photography After Photography, Aktionsforum Praterinsel, Munich, Germany
Geschichten von Verlangen und Macht, Museum für Fotografie Braunschweig, Germany

1994La Ville, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
The Act of Seeing (Urban Space) Foundation pour l'Architecture, Brussels

1993Critical Landscapes, Metropolitan Museum of Photography, Tokyo
Photographs From the Real World, Lillehammer Art Museum, Norway
Photoplay: Works from The Chase Manhattan Collection. Center for Fine Arts, Miami, FL
Musee d'art moderne de la Ville de Paris (solo)
Rule Without Exception, Fotomuseum, Winterhur, Switzerland (solo)

1992Ronde de Nuit, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France (solo)
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA (solo)
Seibu Contemporary Art, Tokyo (solo)
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (solo)
Wasteland, Rotterdam Biennial III. Catalogue

1991Images of Excellence, International Museum of Photography George Eastman House, Rochester, NY
Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, IA (solo)
John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, FL (solo)
Mills College Art Gallery, Oakland, CA(solo)
University of Maryland, Baltimore (solo)

1990The New American Pastoral: Landscape Photography in the Age of Questioning, International Museum of Photography George Eastman House, Rochester, NY
Rule Without Exception, New York Institute of Contemporary Art P.S.1, New York (solo)
Signs of Life: Process and Materials, 1960-1990, ICA Philadelphia

1989Castelli Graphics, New York, NY (solo)
Photography Now, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, UK
On the Art of Fixing A Shadow: One Hundred and Fifty Years of Photography, National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
Dialectical Landscapes: Nuovo Passagio Americano, Palazzo Fortuny, Venice, Italy

1987Modern Photography and Beyond, National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto, Japan
Vom Landschaftsbild zur Spurensicherung, Museum Ludwig Cologne
Photography and Art, Los Angeles County Museum of Art
Recent Acquisitions, Museum of Modern Art, New York

1986Newport Harbor Art Museum

1985Paris-New York-Tokyo, Tsukuba Museum, Tokyo
Photography in California, 1945-1980, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
Castelli Graphics, New York, NY (solo)
Victoria and Albert Museum, London, UK (solo)

1984Photography in California 1945-1980, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
Matrix, University Art Museum, U.C. Berkley, CA (solo)

1981San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (solo)
Castelli Graphics, New York, NY (solo)

1980Photographie als Kunst: Kunst als Photographie, Museum Moderner Kunst, Vienna, Austria
Werkstatt für Photographie, Berlin, Germany (solo)

1979Nova Scotia College of Art and Design, Halifax (solo)
American Images, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
Castelli Graphics, New York, NY (solo)

1978Mirrors and Windows: American Photography Since 1960, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY

1977Biennial Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York

1976Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC , Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Baltimore Museum of Art; La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art (solo)

1975Castelli Graphics, New York, NY (solo)
New Topographics, George Eastman House, Rochester, N.Y
Philadelphia College of Art
IXe Biennale de Paris, Musee d'Art Moderne de Ville de Paris

1974Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. (solo)

1973Castelli Graphics, New York, NY (solo)

1971Castelli Graphics, New York, NY (solo)

 
 

Öffentliche Sammlungen: FAIF Collection, Zurich, Switzerland St. Louis Museum of Art Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam San Francisco Museum of Modern Art Victoria and Albert Museum, London Wellesley College Art Museum, Wellesley, MA Whitney Museum of American Art, New York Williams College Art Museum, Williamstown, MA Yale University Art Museum, New Haven, CT National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto, Japan National Museum of American Art, Washington, D.C. Simon Museum, Pasadena Oakland Museum Palazzo Fortuny, Venice Philadelphia Museum of Art Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich Power Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Sydney Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton, NJ Rose Art Museum, Brandeis University Minneapolis Institute of Art Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden Musee d'art moderne de la Ville de Paris Musei Civici, Reggio Emilia, Italy Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles Museum of Fine Arts, Boston und weitere

 
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